Do’s and Don’ts during and after an earthquake, be safe

What is an earthquake in simple terms?

Earthquake is sudden light to heavy shaking of the earth surface due to breakage of rock deep within the earth. This is associated with shaking of the earth’s surface and usually lasts for few seconds to few minutes.

How earthquake impacts normal life?

The sudden shaking of the earth’s surface shakes and send tremors across buildings, roads, bridges and people walking or sitting inside homes or road. We can feel the shaking and the sudden impact creates panic and if it is heavy and lasts for few minutes there can damage to life and property as they may fall, topple, break and crack. People and animals may get injured by things falling, or by getting off-balance.

There can floods due to damage in dams, tsunami etc.

Electrical and fire hazards if they are not disconnected immediately, internet and mobile network disruption etc .

There can be multiple earthquakes?

Heavy or strong earthquakes that are noted high on Richter Scale and have large area inside the earth impacted usually repeats as strong aftershocks that are mostly not as strong the primary earthquake. There can aftershocks that can impact people and life for next few days and machine recorded aftershocks for much longer period of time.

Earthquake Do's and Don'ts

Earthquake Do’s and Don’ts

Living in earthquake risk zones?

Do always keep a handbag or easy to carry bag ready with required medicines, regular medicines, water bottles, some clothing, some dry food, insurance, medical , bank and all other required government identification papers or photocopies handy and well arranged. Also keep some money, bank cards, hospital and medical cards ready.

Build houses and get construction done as per safety directives only

If you have undergone some disaster response training , do keep practice and have community drills at times

Particularly for Heart and Nuero patients

Heart patients can suffer shock or mental physical impact due to the panic because of an earthquake

It is important to keep them stable with medicines and mental support

If required they may need medical help as soon as the earthquake is over

For nuero patients mental and physical support is important. We need to keep them calm and assured that all is fine and soon things get better. If on wheel chairs, bed they should be on standby mode so that it do not move and cause panic.

Usual  do’s and don’ts  during an earthquake?

If indoors it is better to take shelter under a strong table or such flat object

If outdoors stay away from windows, high rises, electric polls, hoardings and try to stand in an area that is clear around like an open ground etc

Do not use lifts, use stairs

Do not take shelter or stand close to even low storied building, parapets , bus stands etc

If driving do stop in an open place and try stay inside car

Do not light fire, matchstick and lighters.

Turn of electrical mains, cooking gas ovens and all other electrical equipments

Do not panic, rush and run

What to do immediately after an earthquake?

As soon as you recover and get okay after an earthquake check for people around you, if they are injured

Call medical help lines as you see a seriously injured person; do not move the person if not necessary

Give First Aid to people who need it

Do not us phone immediately as people in real need are already in large numbers, additional calls may further congest networks

Check for cracks in the building

Leave the building as there are chances of aftershocks , wait for some time, take note of radio messages other information sources before we move inside the home or premises

Do not drive if not necessary

Health Awareness Article by Desun Hospital and Heart Institute

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About desunhospital

Affordable health care facilities at Desun Hospital and Heart Institute. State of the Art health care infrastructure and more than 700 surgery packages available. latest technique , modern equipment and experienced medical team makes Desun Hospital one the best choice for patients with heart and non heart health related ailments in kolkata, west Bengal and India. People from neighboring countries like Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan and parts of South east Asia
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